Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth. Gum disease is the cause of 70% of tooth loss in adults. Gum diseases can be treated easily and successfully when diagnosed at an early stage.
Prevention or treatment of gum disease; It also brings other benefits such as protecting natural teeth, providing more comfortable chewing and better digestion. The first symptom of gum disease is bleeding around the gingival margins while brushing teeth and the gingival color turning from pink to red. This stage is the early stage of the disease. It may not cause much symptoms and discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease progresses, causing melting of the alveolar bone that supports the teeth, and this situation is hardly reversible.
In the advanced stage, a “periodontal pocket” is formed between the tooth and the gingiva. The presence of periodontal pocket facilitates the localization of the infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth begin to shake due to bone resorption, sometimes abscesses occur and eventually the teeth go into extraction.
Treatment in the early period of gum disease includes removing the attachments (plaque and tartar) on the teeth and providing a smooth root surface. This process ensures the removal of bacteria and irritants that cause inflammation in the gums. Usually, this treatment is sufficient for the adaptation of the gingiva to the tooth or the shrinkage of the gingiva and the disappearance of the pocket. In the majority of cases in the early stages of gingival disease, daily effective oral care is sufficient for successful treatment, following scaling, removal of plaque and providing a smooth root surface. More advanced cases may require surgical treatment.
After periodontal treatment, patients should be regularly examined by a dentist at intervals of 6 months to 1 year. Effective application of daily oral care procedures after gingival treatment is the most important factor for the success of the treatment.